China, Russia not abiding by sanctions against N. Korea

It said shipments of coal had been delivered to China, Malaysia, South Korea, Russia and Vietnam in breach of sanctions using "a combination of multiple evasion techniques, routes and deceptive tactics".

The United States led the push for tough economic sanctions against North Korea after its sixth nuclear test and a series of ballistic missile launches that indicated the USA mainland could soon be within reach of a nuclear strike by Pyongyang. Multiple sanctions dating back to 2006 have tried to choke off funding for the nuclear and missile programs.

Apart from coal, it accused North Korea of continuing to export "almost all the commodities prohibited in the resolutions", with major sources of revenue coming from banned trade in resources such as iron and steel as well as iron ore.

The report also says North Korean diplomats are involved in arms exports and illicit financial transactions in countries where they reside.

The report has been submitted to the UNSC sanctions committee. It has also allegedly supplied weapons to Syria and Myanmar. In 2013, Panamanian forces confiscated a North Korea-flagged ship after undeclared Cuban weapons and fighter jets from the Soviet era were found under sacks of sugar.

Myanmar's UN Ambassador said the Myanmar government has "no ongoing arms relationship, whatsoever, with North Korea". Its content is created separately from USA TODAY. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said that more was needed to be done on the issue of maritime interdiction operations when it comes to stopping sanctions violations.

Over the past year, North Korea has been subject to three Security Council resolutions imposing sanctions for detonating its sixth and most powerful nuclear test as well as a spate of ballistic missile tests showing signs of advanced technology.

According to the report, several unnamed multinational oil companies are also now being investigated for their alleged role in supplying petroleum products to North Korea.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un watches the launching of the medium-to-long range strategic ballistic rocket at an unspecified location on September 16, 2017.

Shortages would lead to serious humanitarian problems, he said, adding: "Official representatives of Pyongyang have made it clear that a blockade would be interpreted by North Korea as a declaration of war, with all the subsequent consequences".

The monitors said one country, which they did not name, told them North Korea had carried out such transfers off its ports of Wonsan and Nampo and in worldwide waters between the Yellow Sea and East China Sea between October and January.

  • Sylvester Abbott