Stephen Hawking says 'nothing' was around before origin of universe
- Author: Gwendolyn Kim Mar 07, 2018,
Mar 07, 2018, 11:39
Hawking relied on the shape of the Earth as analogy to the curved shape of the space-time continuum: "According to Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, space and time come together form a space-time continuum or manifold which is not flat but curved by the matter and energy in it".
In a lecture on the so-called no-boundary proposal, Hawking wrote: 'Events before the Big Bang are simply not defined, because there's no way one could measure what happened at them.
Hawking stated that time was likely in a bent state, located in the nearly infinitely small quantum foam of the singularity before the big event occurred, noting that time was distorted, approaching closer to nothingness, but never becoming nothing.
"One can regard imaginary and real time beginning at the South Pole".
This subatomic ball, known as a singularity, was not inside the Universe, it was the Universe.
"There was never a Big Bang that produced something from nothing". Hawking's answer? Nothing, he explained. There is nothing south of the South Pole, in much the same way there was no time or space before time or space existed (in our understanding of it) before the Big Bang.
What proves Hawking's approach as outstanding is the fact that Einstein's general relativity theory proved that geometry of space and time can not be Euclidean, conceiving space-time continuum as a literal timeline. "I guess time has passed a certain pace, only to discover that this is only my idea", says Hawking. But, he said that that didn't there before Big Bang event, it began after the Big Bang when the Universe started expanding.
"Conventional real time is replaced by imaginary time".
What happened before the Big Bang? "Even the amount of matter in the universe, can be different to what it was before the Big Bang, as the Law of Conservation of Matter, will break down at the Big Bang". What's more, the boundary condition of the universe (the known and constraint value that must be true for the problem that you are working)... is that it has no boundary.
This mathematical approach depicts universal history in imaginary time in a curved surface with a four-dimensional characteristic according to Hawking "similar to the surface of the earth but with two more dimensions"; meaning that "the Euclidean space-time is a closed surface with no end like the surface of the Earth".
Professor Hawking is usually seen as an axiom when it comes to explaining physics or math.