What is the Chipko movement?

Sunderlal Bahuguna, a renowned Garhwali environmentalist is the man behind the movement.

The women who stood around the trees in a forest, their hand linked together under the moonlight.

The women of the village gathered under Chandi Prasad Bhatt's guidance and with the help of DGSS, they formed a human chain and hugged the trees to protect their forest from deforestation.

So via this Doodle Google actually display and mark their gratitude to the very famous and fruitful Chipko Movement. The account of the Chipko Movement first appeared in the 1970s in the writings of the Indian poet Ghanasyam Raturi.

The movement was led by Amrita Devi, 383 people from 84 villages sacrificed their lives protecting a group of Kehri trees.

This initiative of the women has inspired several people and later it became environmental protests known as Chipko Andolan.


The Himalayan region of Uttar Pradesh (present day Uttarakhand) that he sought to protect was mostly dotted by small villages. As the name suggests, this was a nonviolent movement for the conservation of forests. But soon post the movement took place he gave a royal decree put a stop to cutting of trees in all Bishnoi villages.

Other than Sunderlal's leadership, the factor that tipped the Chipko Movement towards victory was the support it gained from the locals. Earlier, such movement was also carried out by the Bishnoi community.

When their appeals were denied, Bhatt led a group of villagers into the forest and embraced the trees to prevent logging.

Today's Doodle, illustrated by Svabhu Kohli and Viplov Singh, celebrates the bravery and perseverance of all of the ecological protectors across the globe, and thanks them for their endeavors. The Chipko movement can essentially be called a women's movement.

The other reason that angered the villagers was the government's policy that did not allow local agriculturists and herders to cut the trees for fuel wood or for fodder and for certain other purposes. Since the leaders and proponents of the Chipko movement were mainly rural women, it came to be identified with eco-feminism. It adds, "The power of protest is an invaluable and powerful agent of social change".

  • Tracy Klein